How Does a Septic System Work?

How does a septic system work?

How Does A Septic System Work?

When you flush the toilet or wash your hands, it can be very easy to forget what happens to the waste water. You may be thinking ” how does a septic system work?  You would be forgiven for thinking it just stayed inside your septic tank, until it is emptied. However, that is not quite the case.

In fact, septic tanks are parts of larger systems, which do more than just store waste. Instead, they actively return the water to a healthy and purer state, leading them back towards groundwater and completing the cycle. If you are someone looking into the installation of a septic tank on their property, then it is going to be in your interest to gain a full understanding of how they work. In the following page, we will gladly share that information with you.

Filling the Tank

Of course, the idea of any septic tank is to remove and hold your waste water and other human waste material. So, each will be properly and securely plumbed into your household water system. Every sink, toilet, shower and hose will be connected and will pass all of the water through to the tank. Over time, this will fill up. The amount of time needed to do this will depend on the output of your household. For example, someone who lives alone will fill the tank significantly slower than a family of 6.

Material Composition

As the waste material collects inside the tank, it slowly splits into different parts. On the top, a layer of scum will form, made up of fats, oils and grease. Below this, the waste water will separate, which will eventually be recycled. And, on the bottom of the tank, all of the waste solids will form into a sludge, made up of human waste or otherwise. Moreover, it is important not to neglect the fact that many gases form inside these tanks, many of which could be seriously dangerous to your health.

The Septic Field

The thing which gives septic tanks the ability to recycle waste water, also known as the effluent, is the septic field. Made up of gravel, sand and other porous materials, the septic field is intended to allow water to flow and bacteria to thrive. A sequence of pipes will evenly distribute the waste water, so that it can be consistently dealt with. Oxygen will be able to pass through very naturally, using a series of vented areas. That way, the purification process can be as healthy as it possibly can be.

Natural Purification

Where the bacteria naturally breaks down the septic materials, it is repeating a naturally occurring process. The bacteria remain within the gravel layer, whilst the water is able to seep through. As the effluent is broken down, it eventually becomes pure and will be able to enter the water table, without causing contamination. That means, the water has completely recycled itself and will be able to be used in other water supplies, in the future.

At Guelph Septic Tank Pumping, we proudly service Guelph and the surrounding area. If you are looking for any septic services including septic tank pumping, holding tank pumping, septic repair & services or maintenance & inspections please give us a call at your earliest convenience.  If you live in the London area, please be sure to give London Septic Tank Pumping a call.